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Sunday, July 16, 2017

Summer, 2017, MuRefuge Plant List

California native unless marked * for nonnative plants
The pictures were taken within the last 10 days unless otherwise noted.

GRASSES, SEDGES and other Monocots
                                      Blue eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum)

This picture was taken in April, 2017.
                                     
Blue Wildrye Grass (Elymus glaucus)
Deergrass (Muhlenbergia rigens) 
Fescue
California Fescue (Festuca californica)
Idaho Fescue (Festuca idahoensis)
     Red Fescue (Festuca rubra)
Iris
“Bridgeport Iris” (Iris)
Douglas Iris (Iris douglasiana) both native and hybrids
  Oregon Iris (Iris tenax)
June Grass (Koeleria cristata)
Native Rush (Juncas patens)
Needlegrass
Nodding Needlegrass (Stipa cernua)
Purple Needlegrass (Stipa pulchra)
Sedge
  California Field Sedge (Carex praegracilis)
California Black Flowering Sedge (Carex nudata)
Slender or Bearded Wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulis)
Yellow eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium californicum)
ANNUALSCalifornia Giant Zinnia (Zinnia elegans)                                                                                  
* Day of the Dead or Cempoalxochitl Marigold (Tagetes erecta)
Gilia
     Bird’s Eye Gilia (Gilia tricolor)
  Globe Gilia (Gilia capitata)
Indian Lettuce, Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata)
Meadowfoam 
Douglas Meadowfoam (Limnanthes douglasii)
               Point Reyes Meadowfoam (Limnanthes douglasii ssp. sulphurea)

This picture was taken in late April, 2017, when the 
  blooms were in their glory. Today this area at our front
    door entryway is dried up but undisturbed the seeds that 
   have fallen into the soil will sprout with the warm Spring
    rains. All these native annuals listed will reseed similarly.

   The MuRefuge sculpture is Dwight's with "Mu" painting on the front.

Peppermint Candy Flower (Claytonia sibirica)
PERENNIAL
Alumroot
  ‘Martha Roderick’ (Heuchera micrantha)
Shaggy Alumroot (Heuchera pilosissima)
Aster
     Beach Aster (Erigeron glaucus) 
California Aster (Aster chilense c. Point Saint George & Purple Haze)
Woolly Aster ( Corethrogyne filaginifolia, var. californica ‘Silver Carpet’)
Bee Plant, Figwort (Scrophularia californica)
Bluff Angelica (Angelica hendersonii)
Bolander’s Phacelia (Phacelia bolanderi)
* Bo-Ju-hua (Chrysanthemum morifolium) native to Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Buckwheat
Coast Buckwheat (Eriogonum latifolium)
Flat top buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum)
                              Red Buckwheat (Eriogonum grande var. rubescens)
  St. Catherine’s Lace (Eriogonum giganteum)
California Fuchsia(Epilobium c.Calistoga, c.Carman’s Gray, c.Everett’d Choice, c.Chaparral Silver & c.Schieffelin’s Choice) 
California Goldenrod (Solidago californica)
California Sea Thrift (Armeria maritima californica)
Cinquefoil (Potentilla gracilis)
Coastal Plantain (Plantago subnuda)
                             Coastal Poppy (Eschscholzia californica var. californica)
* Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) pink & white flowering native to Great Plains
Coyote Mint (Monardella villosa c. Russian River)
Evening Primrose, yellow (Oenothera hooheri)
Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
Fringe Cups (Tellima grandiflora)
Giant Burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis)
Gumplant
  Beach Gum Daisy (Grindelia arenicola)
Salt Marsh Gumplant (Grindelia stricta)
* Jonquils, Mixed Fragrant (Narcissius jonquilla) 
Lupine
Blue Bush Lupine (Lupinus propinquus)
Mallow
  Oregon Mallow (Sidalcea candida)
Point Reyes Checkerbloom (Sidalcea calycosa rhizomata)
Tomales Checkerbloom (Sidalcea malviflora)
                                         Matilija Poppy (Romney coulteri)


Purple Needlegrass and Coyote Bush, 
both prostrate and upright in foreground 
and right side background Buckeye Tree; 
Ceanothus on right and left side of picture.

* Mexican Lobelia (Lobelia laxiflora)
Milkweed
  Coastal or Narrow leaf Milkweed (Aesclepias fascicularis)
‘Davis’ Showy Milkweed (Aesclepias speciosa)
                                    Showy Milkweed (Aesclepias speciosa)


which is the caterpillar (pictured) 
food plant for the Monarch Butterfly.
                                       
Monkeyflower 
Sticky Monkeyflower (Mimulus aurantiacus)
Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritaceae) 
                       Redwood Sorrel (Oxalis oregana) both pink and white flowering

This picture was taken in March, 2017, 
and of course, is the white flowering.
              
Sage, Salvia
‘Bee’s Bliss’ (S. leucophylla x S. clevelandii)
Brandegee’s Sage (Salvia brandegei) native to Santa Barbara Channel & Baja California 
* Cherry Sage (Salvia microphylla) bought from Wayward Gardens 
Hummingbird Sage (Salvia spathacea)  
* Roseleaf Sage (Salvia involucrata)
White Sage (Salvia apiana)
Shasta Fern (Polystichum lemmonii)
Soap Lily (Chlorogalum pomeridianum)
Strawberry
  Coast Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis)
  Woodland Strawberry (Fragaria vesca [californica])
* Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) single blossom from my grandmother’s garden in Iowa 
Western Bleeding Heart (Dicentra formosa)
Western Columbine (Aquilegia formosa)
Yarrow
  Rosy Yarrow (Achillea roseum)
  White Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Yerba mansa (Anemopsis californica)
Yampah (Perideridia)
SHRUBS
Bearberry
  ‘Point Reyes’ (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
     'Radiant’ (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
                                      Blue Elderberry (Sambucus mexicana) 
Bush Anemone ‘Elizabeth’ (Carpenteria californica) 
California Flannelbush ‘San Gabriel’ (Fremontodendron californicum)
California Holly
Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia)
  Golden Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia ‘Davis Gold’)
California Mock Orange (Philadelphus lewissi)
California Wild Liliac (Ceanothus) 
  Ceanothus x Centennial
  Buckbrush (Ceanothus cuneatus)
‘Concha’
‘Dark Star’
‘Emily Brown’ (Ceanothus gloriosus exaltatus)
‘Yankee Point’ (Ceanothus griseus horizontalis)
‘Julia Phelps’ (Ceanothus impressus)
‘Olwswood Blue’ (Ceanothus impressus)
‘Ray Hartman’ (Ceanothus impressus)
  ‘Skylark’ (Ceanothus thysiflorus)
‘Snow Flurry’ (Ceanothus thysiflorus)
‘Valley Violet’ or Maritime Ceanothus
Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
Coast Silktassel (Garrya elliptica) 
‘Evie’
‘James Roof’ cultivar with extra long tassels
Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica)
                                    Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
                                      
This picture was taken in December, 2016.
This plant is essential to the life cycle
  of the indigenous Sphinx moth.

Coyote Bush 
Prostrate: ‘Bodega Bay’ (Baccharis pilularis) 
‘Pigeon Point’
‘Twin Peaks’ 
Upright: (Baccharis pilularis) 
Creek Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)
* English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
     ‘Hicote’(Limnanthes douglasii)
      ‘Munsead’
Evergreen Currant (Ribes viburnifolium)
Flowering Currant
                                          Golden Currant (Ribes aurum)


This picture was taken in April, 2017.
                                  
‘Inverness White’ (Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum)
Pink Flowering Currant (Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum)
* Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles) 
‘Hollandia’  large red flowers
‘Toyo Nishiki’  pink, white, pink & white, red all on same branch 
* Fairy Wand (Dierama pendulum) deep pink flowers 
* Fairy Wand (Dierama pulcherimum) later blooming with burgundy flowers 
Fushsia flowering Gooseberry (Ribes speciosum)
Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum)
Holly Grape or Barberry (Mahonia aka Berberis)
Western Holly Grape (Mahonia pinnata)
Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium)
Holly leaf Cherry (Prunus ilicifolia)
Holly leaf Redberry or Buckhorn (Rhamnus crocea)
Island or Catalina Cherry (Prunus lyonii)
* Lilacs (Syringa vulgaris)
Descanso hybrids: ‘Burgundy Queen’
‘Dark Night’
‘Sensation’ 
‘Victor Lemive’
‘White Angel’
Manzanita 
Common Manzanita (Arctostaphylos bakeri sublaevis)
‘Dr. Hurd’ (Arctostaphylos manzanita)
‘Howard McMinn’(Arctostaphylos densiflora)
‘Louis Edmunds’ (Arctostaphylos bakeri)  
‘Lutsko’s Pink’ (Arctostaphylos. densiflora X)
‘Monica’ (Arctostaphylos densiflora X manzanita) ‘Sentinel’ (Arctostaphylos densiflora)
‘Sunset’ (naturally occurring cross A. hookeri & A. pajaroensis)
Native Hawthorn (Crateaegus douglasii)
*  ‘Provence’ Lavender (Lavandula intermedia)
Ocean Spray a.k.a. Cream Bush (Holodiscus discolor)
                                     Pacific Wax Myrtle (Myrica californica)
                                     
This picture was taken in March, 2017.

* Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) 
     ‘Blue Spires’ (medium blue flowers and growing to 4’)
'Prostratus’ (Dwarf Rosemary with pale lavender blue flowers)
‘Tuscan Blue’ (tall upright Rosemary with bright blue flowers)
*  Sea Tomato bright red tomato shaped rose hips/fruit (Rosa rugosa)
                               Service Berry or June Berry (Amelanchier alnifolia)

Snowdrop Bush ((Styrax redivius)
Shasta Snow Wreath (Neviusia cliftsonii)
Spice Bush (Calycanthus occidentalis)
Spiraea 
  ‘Trinity Rose’ (Spiraea densiflora)
                              Western Spiraea (Spiracea douglasii)
Sugar Bush (Rhus ovata)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
Twinberry Honeysuckle (Lonicera involucrata)
*  Washington Thorn native to the SE U.S. (Crateaegus phaenopyrum)
Western Ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus)
Western Redbud (Cercis occidentalis)
Western Spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)
Wild Rose
California Wild Rose (Rosa californica)
Wood rose (Rosa gymnocarpa)
TREES
Alder
* Italian Alder ((Alnus cordata)
Red Alder (Alnus rubra)
Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) 
Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) native to eastern US, naturalized in CA 
California Bay (Umbellularia californica)
California Buckeye (Aesculus californica)

This picture was taken in June, 2017.

Coast Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)
*  Chaste Tree (Vitex agnus-castus latifolia)
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga mensiesii) in a few years can be cut for a Christmas tree
* Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) native to the Eastern US 
Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia)
Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana)
Western Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta californica)
VINES
                                California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica)
                                 
In this picture a Pipevine caterpillar is feeding
  one of the seed pods. This plant is the Pipevine
 caterpillars' local, singular food plant.

Clematis
  Native Clematis (Clematis lasianatha)
Western Virgin’s Bower (Clematis ligusticifolia) showiest of the native species
* Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
                           * ‘Roger Red’ Grape (European grape x Vitis californica)
                                   
This vine was chosen to be planted in the 90‘s
at MuRefuge for its stunning Fall color
   and for the birds who thrive on fruit.

* Trumpet Vine (Distictis buccinatoria)
Wild Honeysuckle (Lonicera hispidula) & (Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans)

AND NOW FOR PLANTS WITH A HUMAN FOCUS:
BERRIES
                                   Blackberries:  Black Satin Thornless
Currants:  Crandall (black),  Wilder & Red Lake  (red), White Imperial 
Red raspberries: unknown variety
Strawberries:  Heckler, Tristar
FRUIT TREES 
Apple
Arkansas Black (Malus domestica) x1
Cox Orange Pippin (Malus domestica) x1
Pink Pearl x 2
Scarlet Sentinel (Malus domestica) x1
Spitzenberg (Thomas Jefferson’s favorite apple)
Wealthy (Malus domestica) x1
Apricot
Blemheim (Royal) x1
Chinese (Mormon) x1
Crabapple
                                             Siberian x1
Fig
Desert King x1
Lattarulla aka Italian Honey Fig x1
Violette de Bordeaux (dwarf size tree) x1
Mulberry
Persian Fruiting
Peach
Avalon peach curl resistant
Charlotte peach curl resistant
Indian Red peach curl resistant
Multigrafted: Muir Yellow, Frost and Indian Free peach curl resistant
Plum
Santa Rosa
VINES
Grapes (Flame Seedless & Himrod Seedless)
OTHER FOOD PRODUCING PLANTS
Asparagus (bareroot from Harmony + 2 heirlooms varieties started from seed)
Rhubarb
EDIBLE FLOWERS 
+ petals tossed together makes wonderful confetti for freshly picked lettuce salads
Borage+
Calendula+
Chinese Edible Chrysanthemum+
Johnny Jump Ups
Sweet Violet (viola odorata) 
CULINARY HERBS
Chives
Garlic Chives
Lovage
Oregano 
Greek Oregano 
Italian Oregano 
‘Zaatar’ a spicy oregano
Rosemary
Salvia officinalis ‘Berggarten Sage’
Thyme
      Common Thyme aka English (Thymus vulgaris)
      Creeping Thyme (Praecox arcticus)
      Lemon Thyme and Lyme Thyme (Thymus citriodorus)
Wild Onions for Winter harvesting
MEDICINAL HERBS
Borage
Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
Chamomile (both German and Roman)
Chinese Edible Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum coronarium)
Comfrey
Echinacea
Lemon Balm
Lemon Verbena
Mugwort
Peppermint
Self Heal St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Stinging Nettles
Tansy
Wide leaf plantain
White Yarrow
ORNAMENTAL HERBS
Pink flowering Yarrow
Wild Marjoram