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Saturday, October 7, 2017

Minimizing Transplant Shock

Humans like plants are subject to transplant shock if care and consideration of community is not in the fore. We humans of MuRefuge, along with our four legged canine pack member, are in the midst of transplanting ourselves half way across the country: from Sebastopol, California, to Santa Fe, New Mexico. 
View from atop a ridge in the 130+ acre "dog park" in Santa Fe.
Another view from the expansive arroyo.
Shasta wasted NO time connecting with her kind
creating her own extended community  in which to thrive.
During her daily runs in this fabulous dog park,
she  picked out her friends and joyfully ran with
them at top speed!
Abundant opportunities to connect with like minds and old souls connected to Mother Earth presented themselves daily as we spent three weeks exploring Santa Fe during the month of September. After firing a frenetic realtor and hiring another stellar one, we looked at houses for sale exploring numerous and varied neighborhoods, found a short term rental into which we will move October 30 and a mailbox to which all all our mail can be forwarded. We joined the local co-op and shopped at the Farmer Market each day we could. What a treasure these Saturdays and Tuesday markets are with deliciously grown local food and knowledge farmers who were ever so helpful.
The sweet local airport reminded me of the El Paso, Texas airport of the 1960's
when I moved there just out of nurses' training.
Here Dwight is ready to welcome his daughter Leigh
flying in from Seattle via Phoenix.
So with connections in our soon to be new city, we are packing up our belongings for a late October trek to Santa Fe. Like plants that thrive when they are planted in a place mutually beneficial to each community, so humans thrive when transplanted into community that is beneficially synergistic for all members.

All of the arising emotions we are allowing to come forward are discharged with a frequent and hardy belly 



Wednesday, August 30, 2017

YES! Remaining Rooted at MuRefuge

I offer this farewell to MuRefuge and all the wonderful memories I will take with me. Healing the land and myself has been an awesome journey of BE-ing Rooted: a Practice in Essential Living. May the next steward(s) enjoy the gifts that remain here and continue the process of "BEing one with Nature." 
A seasonal pond fed by an artisan well.
The birds and other wildlife use the water
for drinking and bathing.
Sage enjoying a "love/pet fest" in the sunshine one recent afternoon past,
Over the mound goes the ducks led by Ms. Blue
followed by the two Tootsie Rolls with
Coco between, then comes the two BE BEs
and Ms. Crone.

The duck flock of seven female Indian Runners near
their pond (a buried antique bathtub).

To discharge the sadness and grief that arises in leaving behind these awesome BEings, I




Tuesday, August 22, 2017

MuRefuge's Sentient BEings

I have come to terms with the future.
From this day onward I will walk
easy on the earth. Plant trees. Kill
no living things. Live in harmony with
all creatures. I will restore the earth
where I am. Use no more of its resources
than I need. And listen, listen to what 
it is tell me.
M.J. Slim Hooey

We have been honored in our time spent at MuRefuge to witness life beginning and life ending, for example, an old buck stopping in his tracks and dying in the field South of our property. We watched over the following days the Turkey vultures clean the carcass, leaving a stunningly beautiful rack atop the skeleton. 

Below are just a few pictures of the sentient BEings we have seen here at MuRefuge over the years. Of course there is a plethora of other beings not featured here in the pictures. Here's a smattering (but by no means an all inclusive list) of those we have seen over the years: weasel, possum, skunk, raccoon, bobcat & mountain lion (rear), mice, a variety of different kinds of rats, gopher & mole & vole, gopher snake, many insects and birds, both year round residents as well as migratory and seasonal birds.

While I was moving the last of the organic compost from
MuRefuge's driveway, this California Red-sided Gartersnake
did NOT want to give up its home."
When earlier on another day of moving the compost,
a shed snake skin was laying atop
of the pile as the tarp was removed.
June 04, 2014

June 02, 2014: Mom returned to feed her offspring.
February 24, 2013
May 21, 2012
We were filled with gratitude to see the litter of 8, yes, 8!
And the one in the right of this picture caught a meal.
June 21, 2012
Humans had an an opportunity to see interspecies sharing in the field just  to the South of MuRefuge.
February 05, 2012
January 17, 2012
A pair of foxes seen repeatedly in the early mornings.

A foggy Wintery morning in 2012







August 22, 2011
Both Pipevine caterpillar and chrysalis






Below is the awesome transformation of the Monarch caterpillar to butterfly we here at MuRefuge were ever so fortunate to witness over six weeks =/-














As we celebrate diversity and the wild sentient BEings of all sizes and forms, may we



Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Stewardship of Native Ecology

To be of the Earth is to know
The restlessness of being a seed
The darkness of being planted
The struggle toward the light
The pain of growth into the light
The joy of bursting and bearing fruit
The love of being food for someone
The scattering of your seeds
The decay of the seasons
The mystery of death
The miracle of birth.    
John Soos

MuRefuge is an extraordinary merging of Permaculture concepts and native ecology. MuRefuge, she reflects the healing and learning of her original steward. The land possesses good Feng Shui due to her natural topography, ancient knowledge, and demonstrates remarkable adaptability.

My husband and I bought this West Sonoma County rural residential property in December, 1992, when we had been in relationship for just over four years. I was in ill health and Dwight was commuting to the Financial District in San Francisco. MuRefuge is 50 miles North of the Golden Gate Bridge. The house was move-in ready but the land had been scraped and begged for care.


"Sparkling New, Elegant Country Home"
was the caption on the advertisement of the home we bought.
Notice the utility lines coming to the house.
These were in violation of the neighborhood agreement
so the previous owner (and builder) put them underground
prior to our closing escrow .
The Fall before purchasing MuRefuge we acquired a Siberian Husky puppy and her two year old sister, a Black and Tan Hound/Chocolate Labrador mix. We moved three miles as the crow flies South to MuRefuge that lays just North of the "Petaluma Wind Gap." And we began our process of BE-ing Rooted.

Both of us, having spent more time here at MuRefuge than either of us have lived in one place previously, find we are being nudged to begin a new chapter of our lives. We are grateful for the time with MuRefuge, learning from the land and all the creatures smallest and large who also call MuRefuge "home" or those just passing through. Old souls have come to share their lives with us; presently Sage, the resident cat, 


Sage beneath ‘Skylark’ (Ceanothus thysiflorus)) with Purple Needlegrass in the left of the picture.
and one of the Tootsie Rolls, a 2 year old female Indian Runner duck. Old Soul Tootsie Roll is part of the resident flock of 7 female Indian Runner ducks that provide fresh, delicious eggs as well as fertilize the orchard and keep the snails and slugs in check.


In the far back of this picture are the two newest additions
of this small flock of female Indian Runner ducks, BE BES,
and in the foreground on the left are the two Tootsie Rolls,
the old soul the one with her head in the water bowl
and on their way to the pond, a sunken antique bathtub,
are Ms. Crone, Coco and Ms. Blue (from left to right).

Both the resident cat, Sage, and the Indian Runner flock will be remaining at MuRefuge with the next steward(s).

EVOLUTION of 3/4 acre we call MuRefuge (1992 to 2017):

HOUSE
  • 2001 Slate to floor of utility "closet" housing washer and dryer and to Master bathroom, carpet in Master bedroom and walk in closet replaced with red oak flooring, door to Great Room from garage moved to inside entryway
  • 2003 Slate to front outside entryway and path created with same. inside house painted
  • 2011 New furnace with air filtering for entire house with all new ducts, entire house siding replaced with "Hardee" plank and painted, Miele dishwasher for kitchen with removal of microwave and installation of Typhoon Range Hood, mirror "back splash" behind newly installed G.E. Range, red oak floors replaced carpet in remaining 2 bedrooms with metal blinds replaced with wooden Hunter Douglas blinds and same blinds installed in Library by Blindingly Clean, owner: Ernie Martin.
  • 2014 New Craftsman garage door opener installed by Michael Libby, 707-546-7954.
  • 2015 Japanese Takagi gas tankless hot water heater replacing traditional hot water heater. "bird tape" applied to windows to reduce bird collision.
  • 2016 septic pumped. all underground tanks resealed by Al & Eric of Analy Septic, 707-823-7340; kitchen cabinets refinished with Poland pottery pulls and installation of new 40 year, high dimensional composition shingles by Elk roof and 6" fascia seamless gutters, additional downspouts   
  • 2017 new smoke and carbon monoxide alarms
LAND

The healing of the scraped, unhealthy land towards a vibrant native ecology and certified Wildlife Habitat was informed by, but not limited to:
  • Introduction to Permaculture. (1991). Bill Mollison with Reny Mia Slay.
Summer, 1993, swales dug to catch and retain the rainfall
to replenish the underground water.

Fall, 1993 trees planted to provide wind breaks.
Spring, 1994, herb spiral outside of the Great Room sliding door.
  • Gardening with a Wild Heart: Restoring California's Native Landscape at Home (1999). Judith Larner Lowry
  • The Landscaping Ideas of Jays: a Natural History of the Backyard Restoration Garden. (2007) Judith Larner Lowry.
  • Designing California Native Gardens: the Plant Community Approach to Artful,Ecological Gardens. (2007). Glenn Keator and Alrie Middlebrook.
June, 2012, Native Twinberry Honeysuckle (Lonicera involucrata)
 flourishing in riparian community along MuRefuge's South property line. 
  • Bringing Nature Home. (2007). Douglas W. Tallamy.
  • The Resilient Gardener: Food Production and Self-Reliance in Uncertain Times. (2010).  Carol Deppe.
October, 2016
Two of the Three Sisters (beans, corn, squash):
Hopi Blue Flour corn and Sweet Meat squash.
With the cool marine influence here at MuRefuge seeds do not readily germinate in the 13 raised (gopher proof) beds. Thus early on Dwight built a greenhouse, and later enlarged, to enable seeds to be germinated in a warm environment provided by an adjustable temperature "heat mattress".

The number of different kinds of birds that visit MuRefuge in a full cycle of the Seasons has gone from a mere 19 the first year to now over 125. The absence of any native plant species in 1992 to an extensive array presently is the likely explanation for this increase. The plant list may be accessed by clicking here. 

The diversity of MuRefuge's wildlife may be viewed by clicking here.

This picture of California Flannelbush ‘San Gabriel’ (Fremontodendr on californicum)
was taken in April, 2014. It is the bush in the lower left of the picture below.

August, 2017 
Anyone interested in purchasing and becoming the next stewards of MuRefuge
please contact:
Tim Johnson 
Coldwell Banker
Cellular: 707-477-2510 
BRE License # 00860167
johnson2@sonic.net


As I have done during all these years of MuRefuge's stewardship, may we all


Saturday, August 5, 2017

Cross Quarter Day Marking Beginning of Fall



Salt Marsh Gumplant (Grindelia stricta)

In the early morning hours of August 7, 2017, Lughnasad (one of four cross quarter days) occurs and marks the beginning of Fall here in West Sonoma County in Northern California. The deer are congregating in the field South of MuRefuge and the crows are gathering in large flocks as both are wont to at this time of the year.
Many of MuRefuge native plants are entering estivation, aka dormancy. Others are sporting vibrant flowers with abundant nectar drawing butterflies and hummingbirds to feed upon their nectar.


California Fuchsia (Epilobium c. Chaparral Silver)
Raccoon prints were evident in the drying pond a few days past. The seasonal pond is fed by an artisan well which just recently stopped running and now is running once again. As the soil dries and the air dries, the life force energy, aka qi, begins the shift from predominately yang of Spring and Summer to yin of Fall and Winter. 

Sage and Cathie languishing in the warmth of the sun on an afternoon recently passed.

The foggy mornings and warm afternoons are supporting the ripening of the Black Satin thornless blackberries . . . not too fast and without drying up the lush berries.


Nutrient Dense Crisp made with freshly picked  MuRefuge blackberries
made with soaked almonds rather than soaked pecans.

NUTRIENT DENSE CRISP 

Preparation: In a warming 350 degree oven melt 1/4 C. organic, unsalted butter in a 10" Corning Ware dish in which the crisp will bake.  

In a large bowl mix the topping:

  • 1/2 C. freshly ground organic flax seeds
  • 1/2 C. organic almond meal (if unavailable use almond flour)
  • 2 T. organic chia seeds
  • 1 tsp. each of organic ground coriander seeds, cinnamon, mace
  • pinch of cardamom seeds if you like
  • 1/2 C. chopped, soaked for 24 hrs. pecans
Pour the melted butter from the Corning Ware dish over the above dry ingredients and mix well.

In Corning Ware dish toss 

  • 1/4 C. organic chia seeds 
  • with 4 generous cups of your favorite, in season fresh berries or fruit. Frozen or canned fruit can be used during the months when fresh fruit is not available. For more ease of digestion use only one kind of fruit or berries.
If the fruit is not juicy enough, using an immersion blender puree 1 C. fruit with 1/3 C. water. If the fruit is not sweet enough add 2 to 4 pitted Medjool dates and puree with the fruit/water pureed mixture.

Bake, in the preheated 350 degree oven, for 30 to 45 minutes depending on your preference for the cooked fruit. 

As we each tune our awareness of the shift in qi and honor the seasonal cycle, may we 




Sunday, July 16, 2017

Summer, 2017, MuRefuge Plant List

California native unless marked * for nonnative plants
The pictures were taken within the last 10 days unless otherwise noted.

GRASSES, SEDGES and other Monocots
                                      Blue eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum)

This picture was taken in April, 2017.
                                     
Blue Wildrye Grass (Elymus glaucus)
Deergrass (Muhlenbergia rigens) 
Fescue
California Fescue (Festuca californica)
Idaho Fescue (Festuca idahoensis)
     Red Fescue (Festuca rubra)
Iris
“Bridgeport Iris” (Iris)
Douglas Iris (Iris douglasiana) both native and hybrids
  Oregon Iris (Iris tenax)
June Grass (Koeleria cristata)
Native Rush (Juncas patens)
Needlegrass
Nodding Needlegrass (Stipa cernua)
Purple Needlegrass (Stipa pulchra)
Sedge
  California Field Sedge (Carex praegracilis)
California Black Flowering Sedge (Carex nudata)
Slender or Bearded Wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulis)
Yellow eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium californicum)
ANNUALS
California Giant Zinnia (Zinnia elegans)                                                                                  
* Day of the Dead or Cempoalxochitl Marigold (Tagetes erecta)
Gilia
     Bird’s Eye Gilia (Gilia tricolor)
  Globe Gilia (Gilia capitata)
Indian Lettuce, Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata)
Meadowfoam 
Douglas Meadowfoam (Limnanthes douglasii)
               Point Reyes Meadowfoam (Limnanthes douglasii ssp. sulphurea)

This picture was taken in late April, 2017, when the 
  blooms were in their glory. Today this area at our front
    door entryway is dried up but undisturbed the seeds that 
   have fallen into the soil will sprout with the warm Spring
    rains. All these native annuals listed will reseed similarly.

   The MuRefuge sculpture is Dwight's with "Mu" painting on the front.

Peppermint Candy Flower (Claytonia sibirica)
PERENNIAL
Alumroot
  ‘Martha Roderick’ (Heuchera micrantha)
Shaggy Alumroot (Heuchera pilosissima)
Aster
     Beach Aster (Erigeron glaucus) 
California Aster (Aster chilense c. Point Saint George & Purple Haze)
Woolly Aster ( Corethrogyne filaginifolia, var. californica ‘Silver Carpet’)
Bee Plant, Figwort (Scrophularia californica)
Bluff Angelica (Angelica hendersonii)
Bolander’s Phacelia (Phacelia bolanderi)
* Bo-Ju-hua (Chrysanthemum morifolium) native to Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Buckwheat
Coast Buckwheat (Eriogonum latifolium)
Flat top buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum)
                              Red Buckwheat (Eriogonum grande var. rubescens)
  St. Catherine’s Lace (Eriogonum giganteum)
California Fuchsia(Epilobium c.Calistoga, c.Carman’s Gray, c.Everett’d Choice, c.Chaparral Silver & c.Schieffelin’s Choice) 
California Goldenrod (Solidago californica)
California Sea Thrift (Armeria maritima californica)
Cinquefoil (Potentilla gracilis)
Coastal Plantain (Plantago subnuda)
                             Coastal Poppy (Eschscholzia californica var. californica)
* Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) pink & white flowering native to Great Plains
Coyote Mint (Monardella villosa c. Russian River)
Evening Primrose, yellow (Oenothera hooheri)
Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
Fringe Cups (Tellima grandiflora)
Giant Burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis)
Gumplant
  Beach Gum Daisy (Grindelia arenicola)
Salt Marsh Gumplant (Grindelia stricta)
* Jonquils, Mixed Fragrant (Narcissius jonquilla) 
Lupine
Blue Bush Lupine (Lupinus propinquus)
Mallow
  Oregon Mallow (Sidalcea candida)
Point Reyes Checkerbloom (Sidalcea calycosa rhizomata)
Tomales Checkerbloom (Sidalcea malviflora)
                                         Matilija Poppy (Romney coulteri)


Purple Needlegrass and Coyote Bush, 
both prostrate and upright in foreground 
and right side background Buckeye Tree; 
Ceanothus on right and left side of picture.

* Mexican Lobelia (Lobelia laxiflora)
Milkweed
  Coastal or Narrow leaf Milkweed (Aesclepias fascicularis)
‘Davis’ Showy Milkweed (Aesclepias speciosa)
                                    Showy Milkweed (Aesclepias speciosa)


which is the caterpillar (pictured) 
food plant for the Monarch Butterfly.
                                       
Monkeyflower 
Sticky Monkeyflower (Mimulus aurantiacus)
Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritaceae) 
                       Redwood Sorrel (Oxalis oregana) both pink and white flowering

This picture was taken in March, 2017, 
and of course, is the white flowering.
              
Sage, Salvia
‘Bee’s Bliss’ (S. leucophylla x S. clevelandii)
Brandegee’s Sage (Salvia brandegei) native to Santa Barbara Channel & Baja California 
* Cherry Sage (Salvia microphylla) bought from Wayward Gardens 
Hummingbird Sage (Salvia spathacea)  
White Sage (Salvia apiana)
Shasta Fern (Polystichum lemmonii)
Soap Lily (Chlorogalum pomeridianum)
Strawberry
  Coast Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis)
  Woodland Strawberry (Fragaria vesca [californica])
* Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) single blossom from my grandmother’s garden in Iowa 
Western Bleeding Heart (Dicentra formosa)
Western Columbine (Aquilegia formosa)
Yarrow
  Rosy Yarrow (Achillea roseum)
  White Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Yerba mansa (Anemopsis californica)
Yampah (Perideridia)
SHRUBS
Bearberry
  ‘Point Reyes’ (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
     'Radiant’ (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
                                      Blue Elderberry (Sambucus mexicana) 
Bush Anemone ‘Elizabeth’ (Carpenteria californica) 
California Flannelbush ‘San Gabriel’ (Fremontodendron californicum)
California Holly
Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia)
  Golden Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia ‘Davis Gold’)
California Mock Orange (Philadelphus lewissi)
California Wild Liliac (Ceanothus) 
  Ceanothus x Centennial
  Buckbrush (Ceanothus cuneatus)
‘Concha’
‘Dark Star’
‘Emily Brown’ (Ceanothus gloriosus exaltatus)
‘Yankee Point’ (Ceanothus griseus horizontalis)
‘Julia Phelps’ (Ceanothus impressus)
‘Olwswood Blue’ (Ceanothus impressus)
‘Ray Hartman’ (Ceanothus impressus)
  ‘Skylark’ (Ceanothus thysiflorus)
‘Snow Flurry’ (Ceanothus thysiflorus)
‘Valley Violet’ or Maritime Ceanothus
Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
Coast Silktassel (Garrya elliptica) 
‘Evie’
‘James Roof’ cultivar with extra long tassels
Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica)
                                    Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
                                      
This picture was taken in December, 2016.
This plant is essential to the life cycle
  of the indigenous Sphinx moth.

Coyote Bush 
Prostrate: ‘Bodega Bay’ (Baccharis pilularis) 
‘Pigeon Point’
‘Twin Peaks’ 
Upright: (Baccharis pilularis) 
Creek Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)
* English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
     ‘Hicote’(Limnanthes douglasii)
      ‘Munsead’
Evergreen Currant (Ribes viburnifolium)
Flowering Currant
                                          Golden Currant (Ribes aurum)


This picture was taken in April, 2017.
                                  
‘Inverness White’ (Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum)
Pink Flowering Currant (Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum)
* Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles) 
‘Hollandia’  large red flowers
‘Toyo Nishiki’  pink, white, pink & white, red all on same branch 
* Fairy Wand (Dierama pendulum) deep pink flowers 
* Fairy Wand (Dierama pulcherimum) later blooming with burgundy flowers 
Fushsia flowering Gooseberry (Ribes speciosum)
Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum)
Holly Grape or Barberry (Mahonia aka Berberis)
Western Holly Grape (Mahonia pinnata)
Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium)
Holly leaf Cherry (Prunus ilicifolia)
Holly leaf Redberry or Buckhorn (Rhamnus crocea)
Island or Catalina Cherry (Prunus lyonii)
* Lilacs (Syringa vulgaris)
Descanso hybrids: ‘Burgundy Queen’
‘Dark Night’
‘Sensation’ 
‘Victor Lemive’
‘White Angel’
Manzanita 
Common Manzanita (Arctostaphylos bakeri sublaevis)
‘Dr. Hurd’ (Arctostaphylos manzanita)
‘Howard McMinn’(Arctostaphylos densiflora)
‘Louis Edmunds’ (Arctostaphylos bakeri)  
‘Lutsko’s Pink’ (Arctostaphylos. densiflora X)
‘Monica’ (Arctostaphylos densiflora X manzanita) ‘Sentinel’ (Arctostaphylos densiflora)
‘Sunset’ (naturally occurring cross A. hookeri & A. pajaroensis)
Native Hawthorn (Crateaegus douglasii)
*  ‘Provence’ Lavender (Lavandula intermedia)
Ocean Spray a.k.a. Cream Bush (Holodiscus discolor)
                                     Pacific Wax Myrtle (Myrica californica)
                                     
This picture was taken in March, 2017.

* Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) 
     ‘Blue Spires’ (medium blue flowers and growing to 4’)
'Prostratus’ (Dwarf Rosemary with pale lavender blue flowers)
‘Tuscan Blue’ (tall upright Rosemary with bright blue flowers)
*  Sea Tomato bright red tomato shaped rose hips/fruit (Rosa rugosa)
                               Service Berry or June Berry (Amelanchier alnifolia)

Snowdrop Bush ((Styrax redivius)
Shasta Snow Wreath (Neviusia cliftsonii)
Spice Bush (Calycanthus occidentalis)
Spiraea 
  ‘Trinity Rose’ (Spiraea densiflora)
                              Western Spiraea (Spiracea douglasii)
Sugar Bush (Rhus ovata)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
Twinberry Honeysuckle (Lonicera involucrata)
*  Washington Thorn native to the SE U.S. (Crateaegus phaenopyrum)
Western Ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus)
Western Redbud (Cercis occidentalis)
Western Spicebush (Calycanthus occidentalis)
Wild Rose
California Wild Rose (Rosa californica)
Wood rose (Rosa gymnocarpa)
TREES
Alder
* Italian Alder ((Alnus cordata)
Red Alder (Alnus rubra)
Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) 
Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) native to eastern US, naturalized in CA 
California Bay (Umbellularia californica)
California Buckeye (Aesculus californica)

This picture was taken in June, 2017.

Coast Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia)
*  Chaste Tree (Vitex agnus-castus latifolia)
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga mensiesii) in a few years can be cut for a Christmas tree
* Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) native to the Eastern US 
Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia)
Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana)
Western Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta californica)
VINES
                                California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica)
                                 
In this picture a Pipevine caterpillar is feeding
  one of the seed pods. This plant is the Pipevine
 caterpillars' local, singular food plant.

Clematis
  Native Clematis (Clematis lasianatha)
Western Virgin’s Bower (Clematis ligusticifolia) showiest of the native species
* Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
                           * ‘Roger Red’ Grape (European grape x Vitis californica)
                                   
This vine was chosen to be planted in the 90‘s
at MuRefuge for its stunning Fall color
   and for the birds who thrive on fruit.

* Trumpet Vine (Distictis buccinatoria)
Wild Honeysuckle (Lonicera hispidula) & (Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans)

AND NOW FOR PLANTS WITH A HUMAN FOCUS:
BERRIES
                                   Blackberries:  Black Satin Thornless
Currants:  Crandall (black),  Wilder & Red Lake  (red), White Imperial 
Red raspberries: unknown variety
Strawberries:  Heckler, Tristar
FRUIT TREES 
Apple
Arkansas Black (Malus domestica) x1
Cox Orange Pippin (Malus domestica) x1
Pink Pearl x 2
Scarlet Sentinel (Malus domestica) x1
Spitzenberg (Thomas Jefferson’s favorite apple) x1
Wealthy (Malus domestica) x1
Apricot
Blemheim (Royal) x1
Chinese (Mormon) x1
Crabapple
                                             Siberian x1
Fig
Desert King x1
Lattarulla aka Italian Honey Fig x1
Violette de Bordeaux (dwarf size tree) x1
Mulberry
Persian Fruiting
Peach
Avalon peach curl resistant
Charlotte peach curl resistant
Indian Red peach curl resistant
Multigrafted: Muir Yellow, Frost and Indian Free peach curl resistant
Plum
Santa Rosa
VINES
Grapes (Flame Seedless & Himrod Seedless)
OTHER FOOD PRODUCING PLANTS
Asparagus (bareroot from Harmony + 2 heirlooms varieties started from seed)
Rhubarb
EDIBLE FLOWERS 
+ petals tossed together makes wonderful confetti for freshly picked lettuce salads
Borage+
Calendula+
Chinese Edible Chrysanthemum+
Johnny Jump Ups
Sweet Violet (viola odorata) 
CULINARY HERBS
Chives
Garlic Chives
Lovage
Oregano 
Greek Oregano 
Italian Oregano 
‘Zaatar’ a spicy oregano
Rosemary
Salvia officinalis ‘Berggarten Sage’
Thyme
      Common Thyme aka English (Thymus vulgaris)
      Creeping Thyme (Praecox arcticus)
      Lemon Thyme and Lyme Thyme (Thymus citriodorus)
Wild Onions for Winter harvesting
MEDICINAL HERBS
Borage
Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
Chamomile (both German and Roman)
Chinese Edible Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum coronarium)
Comfrey
Echinacea
Lemon Balm
Lemon Verbena
Mugwort
Peppermint
Self Heal St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Stinging Nettles
Tansy
Wide leaf plantain
White Yarrow
ORNAMENTAL HERBS
Pink flowering Yarrow
Wild Marjoram